Previous Events

Conference “People on the Move. Migrants, Refugees, and Citizenship Rights” (2019)


A group of prestigious scholars gathered during the conference “People on the Move. Migrants, Refugees, and Citizenship Rights” that took place on the 7th and 8th of February 2019 to discuss one of most serious issues that invest our contemporary society: migration. The conference especially discussed how migration and exile could be assessed from the point of view of political philosophy and legal theory and focused on the moral status of migrants and refugees and their right to citizenship.

7-8th February 2019

Tallinn University (Narva Road 29), room A002


Thursday, 7th February

09:30 – 10:00 Registration + coffee break (Researchers’ Forum, Astra building)

10:00 – 10:30 Welcoming words

1st session. Globalization and Migration.

Chairman Indrek Grauberg

10:30 – 11:00 Christine Chwaszczca – Migration and the Unity of Society: A Liberal Perspective

11:00 – 11:30 Luule Sakkeus – Migration from the Population Development Perspective

11:30 – 12:00 Coffee break (Researchers’ Forum, Astra building)

12:00 – 12:30 John Erik Fossum – Different Approaches to Immigrant Integration – Overview and Assessment

12:30 – 13:00 Luís Pereira Coutinho – Migrants and the Limits of the International Law of Human Rights

13:00 – 13:45 Discussion

13:45 – 15:00 Pause

2nd session. Migrants and Refugees.

Chairwoman Ave Lauren

15:00 – 15:30 Agustín José Menéndez – Whose and Which Free Movement? The Personal Status of Non- actives, Seasonal Workers and refugees

15:30 – 16:00 Catherine Colliot-Thélène – The Right to Hospitality: Democracy at the Test of Immigration

16:00 – 16:30 Coffee break (Researchers’ Forum, Astra building)

16:30 – 17:00 Julie Saada – Institutionalising Hospitality? Cosmopolitanism, Borders, and Refugees

17:00– 17:30 Massimo La Torre – Europe Kidnapped – Spanish Voices on Citizenship and Exile

17:30 – 18:15 Discussion

Friday, 8th February

09:30 – 10:00 Registration + coffee break (Researchers’ Forum, Astra building)

3rd session. Migrants and Citizens.

Chairman Leif Kalev

10:00 – 10:30 Thomas Gutmann – National Citizenship – The Last Bastion of Categorical Inequality?

10:30 – 11:00 Dietmar von der Pfordten – Humanism, Citizenship and Migration

11:00 – 11:30 Coffee break (Researchers’ Forum, Astra building)

11:30 – 12:00 Catherine Wihtol de Wenden – Unequal  Citizenships for Those Who Move

12:00 – 12:30 Raivo Vetik – National Identity of Migrants and Citizens: a Relational Approach

12:30 – 13:15 Discussion

13:15 – 14:30 Pause

4th session. Migrants and Europe.

Chairman Massimo La Torre

14:30 – 15:00 Stephan Kirste – European Values and Migration

15:00 – 15:30 Cristina Blanco Sio-Lopez – Sunken Anchors? Principle Erasure in the History of the EU’s Free Movement of Persons

15:30 – 16:00 Coffee break (Researchers’ Forum, Astra building)

16:00 – 16:30 Klaus Günther – People on the Move Between patria naturae and patria iuris

16:30 – 17:15 Discussion

17:15 – 17:30 Closing words

Scholars involved:

Cristina Blanco Sio-Lopez (Groningen): Assistant Professor in European Culture and Politics at the University of Groningen. In March 2019 she will also be ‘Law, Justice and Society’ Invited Lecturer at Wolfson College, University of Oxford. She received the 2018-2019 Council for European Studies (CES) – IMSISS Senior Fellowship Award at the University of Glasgow. In 2017-2018 she was Santander Senior Fellow in Iberian and European Studies and PI of the research project ‘Navigating Schengen: The historical construction of the EU’s free movement of persons’ at the European Studies Centre (ESC) – St. Antony’s College of the University of Oxford, where she remains a Senior Member. She is also Full Member of the Global Young Academy (GYA), after the five years Award of the German National Academy of Sciences ‘Leopoldina’. She was Joint Research Centre (JRC) – EU Science Hub Lecturer 2018 on ‘Qualitative Approaches to Human Mobility and European Integration’ and Research Scholar in Residence 2017 at the Jean Monnet EU Center of Excellence (JMEUCE) of the University of Pittsburgh. She published extensively on European Integration Studies, with an accent on EU enlargement policy temporalities and the Schengen area fundamental rights.

Christine Chwaszczca (Cologne): Prof. of Political Legal, and Social Philosophy at University of Cologne, Department of Philosophy (since 2010). Her areas of research are Philosophy of Human Rights, Analysis of Human Agency and Practical Reasons, Theory of Inter- and Transnational Justice. She has published Moral Responsibility and Global Justice, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 2nd rev. ed. 2011; Social Agency and Practical Reasons. A Practice Account, Frankfurt a.M.: Peter Lang Edition 2017; “The Concept of Rights in Contemporary Human Rights Discourse”, Ratio Juris 33/3 (2010) 333-364. „Democratie und Migration. Ein menschenrechtsbasierter Ansatz in drei Thesen“ (Democracy and Migration. A Human-rights Based Approach in
Three Theses), Zeitschrift für Praktische Philosophie 2/2 (2015).

Catherine Colliot-Thélène (Paris): a philosopher, Professor emeritus at the University of Rennes 1. She was Director of the Marc Bloch Centre in Berlin from 1999 to 2004. C. Colliot-Thélène was a visiting researcher at the Hamburger Institut für Sozialforschung in 2008, at the Max-Weber-Kolleg in Erfurt in 2013, at the Institut für Sozialforschung in Frankfurt in 2015. Her work focuses on political philosophy and sociology, particularly in the German tradition. She has translated, alone or in collaboration, several of Max Weber's books, and has devoted several books to this author. More recently, she published a book on Democracy (Democracy and Subjective Richts. Democracy without Demos, Rowman & Littlefield, London, 2018). Her current research focuses on property, the foundations of social rights and the rights of migrants.

Luís Pereira Coutinho (Lisbon): He is associate Professor at the University of Lisbon’s School Law since 2019. His research interests are Constitutional Law Political Science, Legal Theory. He is the author of books O Estado como Representação, Lisboa: AAFDL, 2019 (in print); Teoria dos Regimes Políticos: Lições de Ciência Política, Lisboa: AAFDL, 2013 (reimpressão em 2015); A Realidade Internacional – Introdução à Teoria das Relações Internacionais, Coimbra: Coimbra Editora, 2011 (2nd ed., Lisboa: AAFDL, 2017).

John Erik Fossum (Oslo): Professor, ARENA Centre for European Studies, University of Oslo. He has worked and published widely on issues of identity, democracy and constitutionalism in the EU and Canada. He is Project coordinator for the H2020-project EU3D – Differentiation, Dominance, Democracy (2019-2023), and was substitute coordinator for the 5-year EU FP6-funded RECON (Reconstituting Democracy in the European Union, 2007-2011) project, and co- director of the NORCONE project, which focused on the Europeanisation of Norway. Fossum has written extensively on questions of identity and belonging and on the challenges currently facing Europe, including Brexit. Most recent books are: Squaring the Circle on Brexit – Could the Norway Model Work? Bristol University Press 2018 (with H.P. Graver); Diversity and Contestations over Nationalism in Europe and Canada, Palgrave 2018 (co- edited with R. Kastoryano, and B. Siim). Most recent articles: ‘Federal Challenges and Challenges to Federalism. Insights from the EU and Federal States’, Journal of European Public Policy, 24(1): 467-485 (with M. Jachtenfuchs, 2017) and “European federalism: Pitfalls and possibilities”, European Law Journal, 23(5): 361-379.

Thomas Gutmann (Muenster): Professor Dr. iur. Professor of Civil Law, Philosophy of Law, and Medical Law, Faulty of Law and Faculty of Philosophy, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität (WWU) Münster. Research Cluster of Excellence “Religion and Politics”, University of Münster (Principal Investigator); Centre for Advanced Study in Bioethics (Director 2009-2018); Institute for Research in Philosophy of Law at the University of Münster (Director). Main research fields: Legal Theory, Practical Philosophy, Theory of Society, Medical Law and Ethics.

Klaus Günther (Frankfurt): Klaus Günther, b. 1957, has been Professor of Legal Theory, Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure at Goethe-University of Frankfurt Faculty of Law since 1998; Prof. h.c. (Profesor emerito) Universidad del Rosario (Bogotá/Columbia); Co-Speaker Cluster of Excellence EXC 243 Formation of Normative Orders at Goethe University since 2007; Member of the Board of Directors of the Institute of Social Research (IfS) Frankfurt since 2001; Distinguished Fellow of the Institute for Advanced Study (Forschungskolleg Humanwissenschaften) Bad Homburg v.d.H; since 1998 Member of the Executive Committee of the German Section of the International Association of Legal and Social Philosophy (IVR), since 2018 President of the German section; Fellow Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin (Institute for Advanced Study) 1995/96; Vice-Dean Goethe-University Frankfurt/M. Law Faculty since 2017. Guest Professor at State U. of NY at Buffalo Law School 1998, Corpus Christi College Oxford 2001, Ecole des Hautes Etudes/Maison des Sciences Paris 2003, London School of Economics Law Faculty 2012, SciencesPo Law Faculty Paris 2016. Publications (selected): Der Sinn für Angemessenheit – Anwendungsdiskurse in Moral und Recht, Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp 1988, engl.: The Sense of Appropriateness – Application Discourses in Morality and Law. Trans. by John Farrell. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press (SUNY-Press), 1993; Schuld und kommunikative Freiheit.

Stephan Kirste (Salzburg): university-professor for Legal and Social Philosophy at the Department for Business, Economics and Social Theory in the Faculty of Law of the Paris Lodron University of Salzburg, Austria. He is president of the German Section of the International Association for Legal and Social Philosophy (IVR). Promoted Dr. iur. at the University of Freiburg (Germany); Habilitation at the University of Heidelberg (Germany). His fields of interest concern in particular: Theory of jurisprudence (esp. interdisciplinarity of the science of law); Theory of law (esp. law and time); ethics of law (esp. human rigths, human dignity, justice); Comparative constitutional law (esp. Brazil, USA); history of legal thought. – His main publications can be found here:

Massimo La Torre (Catanzaro/Tallinn): a Professor in Philosophy of Law at the Law School of Magna Graecia University in Catanzaro, Italy, and a Visiting Professor of European Law at the Tallinn University. He is an international authority on European, Public and  Constitutional Law. Currently he is working on the idea of European Citizenship, the concept of a constitutional state, and the comparative role of defense in different legislative systems. Dr. La Torre is the author of fifteen books and has published over 150 articles in several different languages. In addition, he is the co-director of the book series Res Publica, an associate editor of Ratio Juris and has been a member of the editorial committee of various international publications. In 2009 Massimo La Torre was honoured with the Research Award of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.

Agustín José Menéndez (Madrid): an Associate Professor at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain) and an affiliate researcher of the EuroDiv research Project coordinated by ARENA (University of Oslo). Menéndez holds an LLM from the European Academy of Legal Theory (Brussels) and a PhD in law from the European University Institute in Florence. He was a visiting researcher at the Universidade Nova de Lisboa, at the Centro de Estudios Políticos y Constitucionales (Madrid), at Instituto Universitario Ortega y Gasset (Madrid), at ARENA (University of Oslo) and lecturer at the Universidad de León (Spain). Menéndez’s main fields of interest include the constitutional theory of the European Union, the economic law of European integration and wicked legal systems. His last book (co-authored with Espen D. H. Olsen) is Misunderstanding Citizenship: European Citizenship between Theory and Practice (Palgrave, 2019).

Julie Saada (Paris): Professor of Philosophy at Sciences Po Law School, Paris, France. PhD and Habilitation at the Ecole Normale Supérieure of Lyon. She is vice-president of the French Society for the Legal Theory and Philosophy of Law and was previously Program director at the Collège international de philosophie. In 2019-20 she will be visiting professor at the Universidad de Buenos Aires and at Columbia University. Her research focuses on Philosophy of International Law (war, post war, international criminal justice, Human Rights). She also works on political Philosophy and on critical legal theory, from continental theory to US Critical legal studies and Law and literature.

Luule Sakkeus (Tallinn): Ph.D. in demography, is a Senior Researcher and the Head of the Estonian Institute for Population Studies, School of Governance, Law and Society, Tallinn University since 2009. Her main areas of interest in research lay in ageing, population health matters, social networks and immigrant population behavior patterns. Ms. Luule Sakkeus has been involved in several international projects, she is the representative of Estonia in the Academic Network of European Disability Experts (ANED) since 2008, a country team leader of Survey on Health, Ageing and Retirement (SHARE) in Estonia since 2009, an advisor at the network of demographic institutes in Europe – Population Europe since 2012. (author of photo Piret Räni).

Raivo Vetik (Tallinn): Raivo Vetik is Professor of Comparative Politics at Tallinn University. His research on politics and policies, as well as social processes of migration and migrant integration has been focusing particularly on issues related to the Russian-language minorities in Estonia and other countries neighbouring Russia. He has edited volumes with Amsterdam University Press (2011) and Peter Lang Press (2012), devoted to these issues. He has also served as head of the research team of the integration monitoring of Estonian society, commissioned by the Estonian government, since the beginning of the monitoring studies (2000).

Dietmar von der Pfordten (Germany): is Professor for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy at the Georg-August-University Goettingen in Germany and there the Director of the Section for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy. He was visiting professor in Italy (Cagliari) and the Netherlands (Groningen ) and visiting scholar at Harvard University. He is member of the Academy of Thuringia in Erfurt and of the German Federal Commission to advise the German Government in cases where artworks which have been taken away by the NS-Regime are reclaimed by their owners. He is the author of several books, among it “Deskription, Evaluation, Praeskription”, Berlin 1993, “Ökologische Ethik”, Reinbek 1996, “Rechtsethik”, Munich 2001, „Concepts in Law“ (ed. with Jaap Hage), Heidelberg 2009, “Menschenwürde, Recht und Staat bei Kant”, Paderborn 2009, “Normative Ethik”, Berlin  2010, “Suche nach Einsicht”, Hamburg 2010, “Rechtsphilosophie. Eine Einführung”, Munich 2013,  “Menschenwürde”, Munich 2016, and of various articles in the field of ethics, political philosophy and legal philosophy. He has published numerous articles in journals like Philosophy, Review of Metaphysics, ARSP, Ratio Juris, Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung, Philosophisches Jahrbuch usw.

Catherine Wihtol de Wenden (Paris): Catherine WIHTOL de WENDEN is Director of research at CNRS (CERI). For 30 years she has been a researcher on international migration, from a Political Science and Public Law approach. She studied in Sciences-Po Paris and University Paris I (Panthéon- Sorbonne) She got her PhD in Political Science in 1986. She has published 20 books, alone or as co-writer and around 150 articles. She is also teaching at Sciences-Po, at the University La Sapienza and LUISS in Rome and she has been President of the Research Committee Migration of ISA –International Sociological Association- (2002-2008) and expert for several international organisations (UNHCR, Council of Europe and European Commission). Her distinctions are Chevalier de la legion d’hooneur (2014) and médaille d’honneur du CNRS (2017).